Design

/ Green Design

Bosch Appliances with EcoOption

Go Green Style Bosch Appliances EcoOption
Courtesy of Bosch

Already energy-efficient enough to exceed Energy Star standards, Bosch 500 and 800 series dishwashers and Nexxt clothes washers now offer EcoOption, a setting that saves even more energy. Pushing the EcoOption button on the dishwashers reduces energy usage by 25 percent; on the washers, it saves 20 percent.

Craft-Art Reclaimed Wood Countertops

Go Green Style Craft-Art Reclaimed Wood Countertops
Courtesy of Craft-Art

Don't worry about deforestation with Craft-Art's eight new green countertop offerings: wood reclaimed from old barns, mills, river bottoms, swamps and even pickle vats. Species include quarter-sawn antique heart pine (shown here), sinker cypress, antique white oak, pickle vat redwood, barn red oak, barn white oak, American chestnut and tobacco barn beech.

Gaggenau 36-Inch Induction Cooktop

Go Green Style Bosch Appliances EcoOption
Courtesy of Gaggenau

With the ability to heat up rapidly and cool down just as quickly, Gaggenau's 36-inch, five-burner induction cooktop reduces electricity usage and offers precision cooking as well as power. Using the booster function increases power output of the CI 491/492 model to 4,400 watts.

Syndecrete Composite Countertops

Go Green Style Syndecrete Coutnertops
Courtesy of Syndecrete

Made from cement and recycled materials such as plastic water bottles, post-consumer glass, post-industrial metal shavings and rubber tires, Syndecrete is a solid surface material with twice the strength and half the weight of concrete. Pre-cast slabs, tiles, sinks and tabletops come in 16 solid and 15 aggregate colors.

Ann Sacks Concrete Floor Tiles

Go Green Style Ann Sacks Concrete Floors
Courtesy of Ann Sacks

Designed by artist Andy Fleishman, the Variations set of four tiles can be installed in numerous configurations to create intricate abstract patterns. Made from sand, gravel and cement, the concrete tiles have no chemical additives and are air-cured rather than kiln-fired.

Choosing Environmentally Friendly Building Products

A well-lit kitchen constructed with eco-friendly materials

Photo by Michael J. Lee Photography/Designer: Jessica Williamson, AKBD

This kitchen won the 2011 NKBA Design Award: Sustainable-Best of Kitchen


What makes a building product an environmentally sound choice? Outside of energy and water conservation, where it's relatively easy to quantify the environmental impact, you have multiple factors to consider. When it comes to choosing your materials for kitchen cabinets, counters and flooring, look for the following criteria:

  • Recycled content, whether post-consumer, post-industrial or agricultural waste

  • Ability to be recycled, reused or reconditioned when you're through with it

  • Durability: products with a long lifecycle need to be replaced less frequently

  • FSC (Forest Stewardship Council) certification, identifying wood as harvested from a sustainable, well-managed forest

  • Rapidly renewable: Made from plants that grow to maturity quickly: cork, bamboo, cotton, etc.

  • Found in nature (stone, wood, etc.) and requiring minimum processing, which can create harmful chemicals and toxins

  • No pollutants: wood products without formaldehyde; low- or no-VOC (volatile organic compounds) paints, caulks, adhesives and sealants; flooring without PVC (polyvinyl chloride)

  • Noise absorbing or reducing properties

  • Locality: Transporting materials a long distance takes energy and pollutes the environment


How green you want to go is up to you. Re-using salvage items might be the most green option of all, but other approaches almost always have a trade-off to consider: for example, granite is a natural material, but importing it from overseas uses a large amount of energy, and quarries can damage the environment.


Read on to research specific cabinet, counter and flooring options.

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Green Products Go Glam

Go Green Style Introduction

If you remodeling and looking to go "green" with your design, these new eco-friendly products will bring high design, not just green design, to your kitchen. Explore some great product options and materials for creating a sustainable kitchen in your home.

12 High-Impact Green Ideas for Your Kitchen

Illustration of “green” kitchen with key features highlighted and numbered


A well-designed, attractive kitchen gives a home life. All that liveliness, though, is probably the single biggest energy drain in your home.


Lighting, refrigeration and cooking are responsible for 41.5 percent of a home's energy consumption, according to U.S. Department of Energy estimates. Add to that regular kitchen activities like water heating, plus space heating and cooling, and you begin to get the picture of how critical the kitchen really is.


When you're remodeling, the kitchen presents a big opportunity to improve the home's energy performance. Broadening the scope of your project to include energy efficiency, ecological benefits, accessibility and health considerations will provide long-term cost savings, comfort, peace of mind and safety.


Here are 12 high-impact ideas for creating a "green" kitchen:


1. Kitchen Recycling Center

Available pre-assembled or in cabinet retrofit kits, kitchen recycling centers take the mess out of managing your recyclables. These modified cabinets can accommodate any kitchen style and cabinet size, and are available in a full range of cabinet materials.


2. Eco-Friendly Flooring

Products manufactured from rapidly renewing forests can provide you with a beautiful, affordable and durable floor-and an environmentally responsible choice. Bamboo, cork, and eucalyptus mature in roughly half the time (or less) that it takes hardwoods, grown in colder climates, to reach market size.


3. Stained Concrete or Indigenous Stone Countertops

Use materials that are durable and water-resistant for both counters and backsplashes. Stained concrete uses non-toxic, natural pigments rather than surface-applied stains. There is also the option of adding other recycled materials into the mixture. Many types of indigenous stone are available and can come from salvage and remnants. Make sure they are well sealed to prevent staining. Keep seams in counter top surface material at least 2 feet away from the sink and out of heavily used areas.


4. Air Admittance Valves

These pressure-activated, one-way mechanical valves are installed in plumbing drainlines in place of through-the-roof pipe venting. They operate with the discharge of wastewater, just like conventional plumbing vents. By eliminating piping and flashing, there is a net savings after the initial investment of $25 to $40. And they're durable.


5. Wall Insulation

Nothing improves the comfort and energy efficiency of a kitchen more than plenty of insulation in the exterior walls. To add insulation to existing homes, blow fibrous insulation material-fiberglass or natural materials like cellulose and mineral wool-into enclosed wall, floor and roof cavities. "Dense packing" the insulation inhibits air circulation within the cavities, thereby eliminating a major cause of condensation, moisture problems and air leakage.


6. Energy-Efficient Windows, Doors and Skylights

Well-designed windows and skylights can lighten the feel of a kitchen. Energy Star-qualified products lighten the burden of energy bills as well. Homeowners can find greater comfort and significant savings-ranging from $110 to $400 a year-by replacing single-pane windows with Energy Star-qualified windows. These products use low-e glass with solar shading, which increases the room's comfort, protects items from sun damage and reduces condensation on windows.


7. Energy-Efficient Task Lighting and Lighting Controls

Maximize natural lighting and provide task lighting. Lighting controls range from a simple outdoor light fixture with a built-in photosensor to whole-house programmable controls that allow fixtures to perform as task, safety or mood lighting. The cost of a control can often be offset by the first year's energy savings.


8. Energy-Efficient Appliances

When buying a refrigerator, dishwasher or vent fan for your kitchen renovation, remember that it will have two price tags: what you pay to take it home and what you pay for the energy and water it uses. Energy Star-qualified appliances incorporate advanced technologies that use 10 to 50 percent less energy and water than standard models.


9. Low-VOC Kitchen Cabinets

Consider resurfacing or refacing existing cabinets. Cabinets that are made with particleboard or fiberboard are likely to contain urea formaldehyde and are not resistant to moisture. However, sealing them with low-VOC (volatile organic compounds) paint or stain or laminating with a new surface will seal the substrates.

If buying new cabinets, you have a few green options. Some solid wood cabinet lines have low-VOC emissions. Laminates and thermofoil cabinets can seal in VOCs contained in substrates. You also can look at cabinets made from agricultural fiber panels such as wheatboard and strawboard. Made from plant stems and sustainable binders, these materials are a good choice for areas that will not be subjected to wetting.


10. Low-VOC Paints and Finishes

Many paints and finishes contain high levels of VOCs that produce potentially harmful gasses when applied. The VOCs diminish air quality and may be detrimental to your health. Today, low- and no-VOC paints are available almost anywhere. They release no or minimal VOC pollutants, and are virtually odor free. This improves the indoor air quality of the home, making it particularly safer for people with chemical sensitivity. Also, latex paints use water as their solvent and carrier, allowing both easier cleanup and generally lower toxicity.


11. Mold-Resistant Gypsum or Cement Board

Mold growth requires moisture and a food source. To improve moisture resistance, some gypsum board manufacturers have developed products with paperless coatings and gypsum cores. To reduce the risk of mold, a number of manufacturers chemically treat the paper on both sides of the gypsum board, while others eliminate the paper entirely and replace it with a gypsum-cellulose combination. Mold-resistant wall panels help maintain good indoor air quality while reducing the probability of costly replacement or remediation.


12. Induction Cooktop

Induction cooking uses electricity to produce a magnetic field that that reacts with the ferric content in stainless steel, cast iron, and enameled steel cookware, exciting the molecules and producing heat. The cookware (and therefore the food) gets hot, but the stovetop doesn't. Less heat is wasted and the food heats faster, saving time and energy. Induction cooking is about 90 percent energy efficient as compared to gas and electric radiant, which are 50 to 60 percent efficient. Induction cooking is relatively new to the mass marketplace and currently retails at a premium.


Copyright 2006, The Partnership for Advancing Technology in Housing (PATH),www.pathnet.org. Adapted with permission.

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How Home Energy Usage Adds Up


Looking at this data from the U.S. Department of Energy, it's easy to see that the kitchen and bathroom account for the majority of your home's energy usage. While that probably will always be the case, conscientious homeowners can make big cutbacks when remodeling or building a new kitchen.

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There are five main components to consider when creating energy-efficient kitchens:

  1. Appliances, especially the refrigerator and dishwasher. Look for high-efficiency models using the yellow and black Energy Guide label and blue Energy Star logo.

  2. Lighting fixtures and light bulbs. Choose fluorescent fixtures and bulbs instead of incandescent; use dimmer switches and occupancy sensors.

  3. Windows, doors and skylights. Weatherstrip existing windows or get new ones with low-e glazing, double panes and argon gas fill.

  4. Insulation and air sealing. In addition to adding insulation to your walls, you can stop air leaks around windows and doors and in your ducts.

  5. Heating and cooling equipment. This includes central and room air conditioners, furnaces, boilers, dehumidifiers and ceiling and ventilation fans.

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In many cases, choosing energy-efficient options will add to the cost of products and installation. That increase can be offset, however, by tax rebates for energy efficiency and-over time-reduced utility bills. You should find your home a more comfortable and temperate place, too.

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For more information on how to incorporate energy-efficiency into your kitchen, keep reading.

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Consider These Green Materials & Resources for Your Kitchen

Recycling Symbol Superimposed Over Image of Kitchen


When it comes to green remodeling and construction, conserving materials is just as important as conserving energy and water. "Reduce, reuse, recycle" is the mantra of the conservation movement and applies to kitchens as well as to paper and plastic. Many building products can be recycled or reused, saving money as well as the environment.

For starters, don't take the Extreme Home Makeover approach to demolition. Running into your kitchen at full speed, sledgehammer in hand, might reduce stress levels, but it's also dangerous and wasteful. When carefully removed, cabinets, plumbing and lighting fixtures, appliances, countertops and hardware can be used in another room of your home, sold or traded via the Internet, or donated to a charitable organization.

When choosing products and materials for your own kitchen, look at salvage, resale and antique stores. You could score a one-of-a-kind find to customize your kitchen, or just find satisfaction in knowing that you saved a tree by using reclaimed lumber.


Materials exchanges
allow businesses, nonprofits and individuals to trade, sell and buy surplus or used products, including a full range of building supplies. E-Bay is an obvious example, but many nonprofit and/or building supply specialty sites exist, too.


Reuse stores
serve the same purpose as exchanges. Some only allow low-income homeowners or nonprofit agencies to shop. Others allow anyone to purchase, and donate profits to organizations that support affordable housing. Habitat for Humanity has a national network of Habitat ReStores run by its local chapters. These materials might include anything from last season's appliance models to a kitchen's worth of barely used cabinets that a homeowner replaced in a remodel.


Salvage stores
tend to feature reclaimed, architecturally significant items such as wood planks from old barns or antique sinks. These items often don't fall into the "cheap" category, but they might be cheaper than buying brand new.

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Name

Location

Web Site

Architectural Salvage Warehouse

Burlington, Vermont

www.greatsalvage.com

Build it Green! NYC

Astoria, Queens, New York

www.bignyc.org

Building Materials Resource Center

Boston, Massachusetts

www.bostonbuildingresources.com

City Salvage

Minneapolis, Minnesota

www.citysalvage.com

Community Forklift

Edmonston, Maryland

www.communityforklift.com

Construction Junction

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

www.constructionjunction.org

EcoBuilding Bargains

Springfield,?Massachusetts

www.ecobuildingbargains.org

Florida Victorian Architectural Antiques

DeLand, Florida

www.floridavictorian.com

The Green Project

New Orleans, Louisiana

www.thegreenproject.org

Habitat for Humanity ReStores

National

www.habitat.org

The Loading Dock

Baltimore, Maryland

www.loadingdock.org

Madison Stuff Exchange

Madison, Wisconsin

www.madisonstuffexchange.com

Ohmega Salvage

Berkeley, California

www.ohmegasalvage.com

Olde Good Things

Los Angeles, California

New York City, New York

Scranton, Pennsylvania

www.oldegoodthings.com

The ReBuilding Center

Portland, Oregon

www.rebuildingcenter.org

The ReCONNstruction Center

New Britain, Connecticut

www.reconnstructioncenter.org

ReSOURCE

Burlington, Vermont

www.resourcevt.org

ReNew Building Materials & Salvage

Brattleboro, Vermont

www.renewsalvage.org

ReUse Centers

Covington, Kentucky

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Erlanger, Kentucky

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Cincinnati, Ohio

www.reusecenters.org

ReUse Industries

Albany, Ohio

www.reuseindustries.org

The ReUse People

Oakland, California

www.thereusepeople.org

Salvage One

Chicago, Illinois

www.salvageone.com

Second Use

Seattle, Washington

www.seconduse.com

Stardust Building Supplies

Mesa, Arizona

Phoenix, Arizona

www.stardustbuilding.org

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